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  • ItemOpen Access
    Integrando la conservación de la biodiversidad en la toma de decisiones a nivel local: un estudio de la disposición a pagar en el parque nacional Yanachaga-chemillen
    (Universidad Autónoma de Chile. Instituto Chileno de Estudios Municipales, 2023-10-30) Mogollón, Raymundo; Orihuela, Carlos; Diaz, Sabrina; Dávila, José
    Understanding the willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation improves the decision-making process for local governments in countries like Peru, characterized by ineffective development of public policies to protect the environment. During the first quarter of 2020, 2,414 surveys were conducted to measure the willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation in the Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park, in Peru. The results revealed that the willingness to pay is approximately $6 per household, which is relevant not only because it provides information on how the local population values this aspect but also because it has direct implications for the formulation and implementation of environmental conservation policies in the region.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Effect of negative emotions in consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic: A study from Peru
    (PLOS, 2023-11-03) Regalado-Pezúa, Otto; Carvache-Franco, Orly; Carvache-Franco, Mauricio; Carvache-Franco, Wilmer; Ortiz-Soto, Maribel; Larregui-Candelaria, Guisell
    The research examines the negative consumer emotions generated by the perception of social networks or traditional media with consumer behavior during the covid_19 pandemic. The study was developed in Peru with a sample of 220 consumers; the design is quantitative and structural equations were used for data processing. The results indicate that social networks and traditional media are not related to negative emotions, but are related to the change in consumer behavior in the purchase of more products and new products. The research has theoretical implications since it provides evidence to the literature that the negative emotions generated during the covid_19 pandemic are related to changes in consumer behavior, which affect the purchase of more products and new products. The practical implications of the research is for businessmen on the causes of changes in consumer behavior generated during crises. like the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • ItemOpen Access
    COVID 19 effect on Venezuelan migrants’ income: the Peruvian case research study
    (Kubilay özyer, 2023) Guillen, Jorge; Arbaiza, Lydia
    This paper shed light on analyzing the effect of the Pandemic on Venezuelan Migrants’ Income in Peru. The Covid 19 Pandemic (Coronavirus Pandemic) enforced governments to apply the “Hammer Blow” which produced recession and consequently unemployment. Governments offset the latter effect by applying some subsidies to the Poor. The subsidy was not delivered to Venezuelan Immigrants in Peru. Therefore, our study attempts to explore the effect of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the Income of Venezuelan Immigrants. The study controls for gender and discrimination. Since 2017, the economic and political situation in Venezuela triggered migration beyond their frontiers. Peru is the second country with the high migration of Venezuelans, the first is Colombia which is the neighborhood. The migration reduced the labor force in the country that receives the population but in some cases, the delinquency rates increased after the wave of Venezuelans relocated to a particular country. We consider the survey: “Encuesta Nacional de la Población Venezolana en Peru” (ENPOVE) to perform the study which was conducted during the peak of migration.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Institutional investors and corporate risk at the origin of the international financial crisis
    (Virtus Interpress, 2023-11-23) Lizarzaburu, Edmundo; García-Gómez, Conrado Diego; Kostyuk, Alexander
    The 2007 financial crisis served as a stark reminder of the vulnerability in the relationship between institutions and companies, as it revealed that many companies collapsed despite government interventions. Two crucial factors that influenced the crisis’s impact on firms were the level of creditor rights protection and corporate risk management. In this study, our aim was to investigate the impact of investment funds and banks on corporate risk prior to the 2007 financial crisis. We conducted an analysis across 21 countries to examine how institutional factors determined the influence of mutual funds and banks on corporate risk, ultimately leading to critical levels of collapse and the global spread of the financial crisis to the real economy. Additionally, we explored the role of mutual funds and banks as reference shareholders. The findings of our study reveal that the process of financial deregulation preceding the 2007 financial crisis contributed to an increase in corporate risk. In other words, financial deregulation facilitated greater involvement of institutional investors in companies, thereby encouraging the adoption of excessively risky and speculative strategies that were not necessarily aligned with the long-term sustainability of firms.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Perceived value and its relationship to satisfaction and loyalty in cultural coastal destinations: a study in Huanchaco, Peru
    (PLOS, 2023-08-01) Regalado-Pezúa, Otto; Carvache-Franco, Mauricio; Carvache-Franco, Orly; Carvache-Franco, Wilmer
    Coastal tourism offers a wide variety of activities related to nature and culture in a sustainable environment. The present study in a coastal destination with cultural characteristics aims to (i) establish the dimensions of perceived value, (ii) determine the relationship between perceived value and satisfaction, and (iii) identify the relationship between perceived value and loyalty in variables such as return, recommendation, and word of mouth in a cultural coastal destination. This quantitative research used a sample of 384 valid questionnaires collected in Huanchaco, Peru, a city next to the Pacific Ocean, being a coastal destination with cultural potential. Factor analysis and multiple regression were applied for data analysis. The results show three dimensions of value perceived by tourists in coastal destinations: emotional and social value, economic value, and functional value. Of these, emotional and social value is the most salient predictor of tourist satisfaction and loyalty. These results will serve as management guides for cultural coastal destination managers and contribute to the academic literature.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Muscle temperature analysis, using thermal imaging, applied to the treatment of muscle recovery
    (Elsevier, 2023-01-31) Ovalle, Christian; Auccahuasi, Wilver; Meza, Sandra; Cordova-Buiza, Franklin; Rojas, Karin; Cosme, Miryam; Inciso-Rojas, Miryam; Aiquipa, Gabriel; Campos Martínez, Hernando Martin; Fuentes, Alfonso; Auccahuasi, Aly
    The images help in the different processes where a visual interpretation of a scene is required, in this sense we find many applications where images are used to analyze, interpret and classify certain objects within the image, there are different types of images generated by different sensors, in this paper describes a method to analyze the behavior of the muscle, mainly of the knee, when performing rehabilitation exercises, coupled with an optical image where you can see the state of the muscle and the location, the method proposed as a super position between optical and thermal images, with the intention of being able to know the state of the optical image and to have the same image with information of the behavior of the temperature, the super position that we propose is to have as a base the optical image and on placing the thermal image, the results that are presented are oriented in proposing a new way of analyzing data with thermal information of the behavior of the muscles, by means of a complex image with optical and thermal information, the method is an aid in the treatment of muscular recovery, with the benefits of being scalable and applicable to other muscles and parts of the human body.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Application of neural networks in the teacher selection process
    (Elsevier, 2023-01-31) Ovalle, Christian; Auccahuasi, Wilver; Meza, Sandra; Cordova-Buiza, Franklin; Rojas, Karin; Cosme, Miryam; Inciso-Rojas, Miryam; Aiquipa, Gabriel; Campos Martínez, Hernando Martin; Fuentes, Alfonso; Auccahuasi, Aly
    The information and communications technologies are revolutionizing the classic ways of carrying out the processes, in particular, for the teacher selection processes we have the classic form of evaluation, according to the criteria of each educational institution, in the present work it is presented a teacher selection model, using neural networks, using 3 criteria and 23 characteristics, which are entered into individual networks for each criterion and additionally a network for the final classification, is presented based on a prototype, an application developed with the computational tool Matlab, which is described in detail for its application and scaling, for purposes of measuring the performance of the network, evaluations were carried out with a group of 30 candidates, grouped into two groups, a group of 15 candidates with positive conditions complying with the policies of the educational institution and a second group with candidates who do not meet the policies of the educational institution, with which sensitivity values ​​of 93% and a specificity level of 86% were obtained, we conclude that the model presented can be replicated and conditioned to the needs and policies of each educational institution.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Determinants of inclusive economic growth in Latin America
    (WSEAS, 2023-05-19) Angulo-Bustinza, Harold; Florez-Garcia, Wilmer; Calderon-Contreras, Valentín; Peña-Cobeñas, Dagoberto; Barrientos-Moscoso, Madeley; Zeballos-Ponce, Valeria
    The work aims to identify the determinants that influence inclusive economic growth in Latin America. The study’s methodology is quantitative with a nonexperimental design, for whose effect analysis was developed through a panel data model to identify the determinant variables of inclusive economic growth. Annual data of the main macroeconomic and social variables were used for a sample of 14 Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay); the study horizon comprises 25 years, between 1995 and 2019. The following variables were found to have a direct influence on inclusive economic growth: public spending and international trade; the study also showed that inflation, unemployment, and the presence of crises have a negative impact on inclusive economic growth. Moreover, an additional public expenditure of 1% implies an increase of 0.100% in inclusive economic growth, and for each positive variation of 1% in international trade, inclusive economic growth responds with an increase of 0.144%.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Evaluando las condiciones de racionalidad y plausibilidad en la valoración de conservar la biodiversidad de un país megabiodiverso: el caso del Manu en Perú
    (Asociación Española de Economía Agroalimentaria, 2023-06-26) Dávila, José; Vásquez-Lavín, Felipe; Enrique Orihuela, Carlos; Ponce Oliva, Roberto D.; Lavado-Solis, Karol; Paredes-Vilca, Oscar; Mogollón Ñañez, Raymundo; Díaz, Sabrina
    According to NOAA, the results of an economic valuation are applicable as public policy if they fulfill two conditions: rationality and plausibility. In this study, we carried out the valuation of biodiversity conservation in Manu National Park in Peru (a megabiodiverse country), based on three representations: species, habitat and functionality. We identify sensitivity to scope in most of the attributes used. When we add socioeconomic characteristics, we identify that gender and salary levels affect preferences. Our total analysis shows that number of threatened plant species and functionality better fulfill both conditions.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Modelo de simulación de apendicectomía abierta en la educación virtual para estudiantes de medicina durante la pandemia de COVID-19
    (Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C., 2023) Cornejo-Carrasco, Consuelo E.; Gonzales-Menéndez, Magdiel J. M.; Hinostroza-Castillo, Raúl; Flores-Yábar, José R.; Carrasco-Rivera, Consuelo E.
    Objective: To evaluate the skills achieved by the undergraduate medical student in performing an open appendectomy and purse string in the simulation model created, to evaluate the degree of satisfaction of its use and to determine its costs. Method: Pre-experimental, prospective and longitudinal study. The skills achieved by 24 undergraduate medical students in performing an open appendectomy and purse string in the simulator were evaluated using the OSATS (Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills) through virtual teaching. A survey was conducted to the students to evaluate the simulator and its costs were determined. Results: There was a significant increase in the OSATS of the skills achieved, from 7 (pre-test) to 26 ± 5.71 points (final post-test) (p = 0.0001) and reduction in the operative time from 12 ± 3.81 minutes (first post-test) to 8 ± 2.02 minutes (final post-test) (p = 0.0001). 41% of the students were totally satisfied with the achievements obtained and 59% partially satisfied. The cost of the simulator was 4.64 USD. Conclusions: The students achieved an improvement in their skills in the surgical technique. This simulation model is low cost and presents an adequate level in the satisfaction of the achievements obtained by the students.
  • ItemOpen Access
    The delay of consequences and perceived risk: an analysis from the workers’ view point
    (Universidad de Antioquia. Facultad de Ingeniería, 2015-02-19) Rodríguez-Garzón, Ignacio; Delgado-Padial, Antonio; Martinez-Fiestas, Myriam; Lucas-Ruiz, Valeriano
    This paper addresses the question of how construction workers perceive occupational risks. It is a question that has not been addressed in scientific research. Specifically, we answer the following research questions: what is the perception of risk of construction workers?; what aspects of risk significantly influence the formation of the overall perception of risk?; are there sociodemographic variables that help to understand the perception of risk of construction workers? and if this were the case, then what are these variables and how do they influence them? Ultimately, it examines the profile of perceived risk, its relation to the delay of consequences and the influence of socio-demographic variables. Respondents filled out a questionnaire in the presence of the survey-taker. The questionnaire was based on the psychometric paradigm, and was comprised of: (a) nine questions, each exploring a perceived risk attribute or dimension rated on a Likert 7-point scale, (b) a question on global risk perception, and (c) categorical questions about socio-demographic issues. The survey was conducted in the city of Granada (Spain). A profile of the construction workers’ perceived risk was obtained. Answers to each attribute were above the neutral line (scores above four). The profile shows the risk dimension with the highest score was the delayed consequences of exposure to risk conditions, a dimension that can be related to ergonomics and occupational hygiene. This is a new outcome since traditionally this dimension was given a lower score in the worker’s perception. A simple linear regression showed global risk may be explained in terms of the delayed consequences dimension (R2=0.29). Finally, a variance analysis (ANOVA) and several t-tests explored the relationship between this dimension and the sample’s socio-demographic variables. To conclude, the delay of consequences is the risk dimension workers perceived as the most critical in their daily chores. In addition, this risk dimension is decisive in creating a high global risk perception. Parenthood, a higher worker category and training are the only socio-demographic variables having an impact on this dimension of perceived risk. Hence, there is a direct relationship between these two variables.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Rational or emotional user: the dual processing approach to understanding continuance usage
    (IGI Global, 2023) Bravo, Edgardo; Ostos, Jhony
    Understanding why users continue or discontinue using specific technology is vital for its providers. Existing literature has explored the reasons for continuance and discontinuance by taking into account both rational and emotional factors. However, one question remains unanswered: Why do some users depend more on rational factors for decision-making, while others rely more on emotional factors? This study addresses this question by integrating cognitive decision-making styles and the fear of making incorrect decisions into traditional continued usage models. Data were gathered from 285 TV users and analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results demonstrate that the introduced constructs moderated the direct effects of rational and emotional factors. The contribution of the study lies in incorporating the underlying cognitive processes of decision-making. It presents two actionable variables that managers can utilize to categorize their customers and enhance the effectiveness of their use continuance strategies.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Reflexiones sobre la regulación de la eutanasia, el derecho a la vida y a la dignidad: el caso Ana Estrada, Perú
    (Open Access Publications LLC, 2023-03-11) Pulido Del Pino, Natali Juliana; Chero Vergaray, Rosmery Catherine; Arias Soto, Nikol; Pulido Capurro, Victor Manuel
    Objective: The purpose of this article is to analyze the concept of euthanasia and its relationship with the rights to life and dignity, as well as the evolution of its legalization in the different legal systems of the world and, especially, in Peru, in the context of the recent award issued by the Supreme Court, on July 27, 2022, regarding the Ana Estrada’s Case. Method: The methodological approach is a qualitative research. It is a doctrinal research, based on human rights, constitutional law, comparative law, and alludes to the jurisprudence on the subject at a national and international level. Results: The results allude to the rights to free disposition of the body, to life and to human dignity, as axes to make assisted death possible. This is a doctrinal research based on human rights, constitutional law, comparative law, and alludes to the jurisprudence on the subject at the national and international level. The relevance of this article relies on comparing how it has been the inclusion of euthanasia to the legal framework in the different legal systems until reaching the Peruvian one. Conclusions: The contribution made, evidences the recognition of the legality of euthanasia in the different legal systems, as well as values in Peruvian law, the impact of the issued award that has recognized for the first time, in its history, the right to a dignified death, which is already a milestone on which we must continue to analize.
  • ItemOpen Access
    El nuevo lujo y el Luxury Law: una mirada al presente y futuro
    (Universidad de Lima, 2023-06-19) Fasson Llosa, Annalucía
    The luxury law is a new specialization of law that consists of advising all companies that are dedicated, in their different categories, to the luxury economic sector. Likewise, in this article we will explain what the new luxury consists of and how the law is contributing to its development through the use of technology and sustainability.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Brechas en la educación superior en turismo en el Perú
    (Universidad Católica Silva Hernríquez, 2014-07-07) Regalado Pezúa, Otto
    The growth of tourism in the world and in particular in Peru has made of this area an emerging productive activity with a lot of potential for development. Tourism is an economic activity which encourages foreign currency exchange as well as new employment opportunities. The objective of this article is to know whether or not there exist any gap between the formative offer in this area and the requirements of the labour market related to it. The research was conducted in two parts. The first one makes a literature review from secondary sources which found out there are limited research for the Peruvian case. The second one is an exploratory qualitative research which conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 experts from the public, private and academic sectors. The analysis and interpretation of the interviews' discourses were made from a deconstructive approach. The study concludes in Peru there is in fact a gap between higher education in tourism and the requirements of the labour market related to it.
  • ItemOpen Access
    La diplomacia de Smart Cities: el caso de la ciudad de Barcelona
    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2019-06-24) Cerqueira, Olga María; Piqué, Josep Miquel; Miralles, Francesc
    This research is based on the diplomacy of Barcelona City and the configuration of a hegemonic discourse on Smart City, with repercussions at a local and global level. The emphasis is on interactions and coalitions in network with other cities, establishing that Barcelona, as Smart City, projects an image of a leading and dynamic city, under construction and continuous growth that exerts a relational leadership, besides aims conformation of networks and structures where cities and their actors are connected learning and exchanging experience, reaching international positioning, economic activity, and agreements, as a reflection of a narrative sustained in openness, flexibility and inclusion, that precisely justifies the participation and political action of Barcelona as a city in global multilevel governance.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Diagnóstico de la educación técnica en Perú: alcances para el desarrollo de programas en gestión
    (Universidad Miguel de Cervantes, 2019-07-30) Regalado-Pezúa, Otto; Toro Galeano, Manuel Leonardo
    The main objective of this article is to know the current situation of technical higher education in Peru, in particular in management programs. To do this, using secondary sources and in-depth interviews with experts, an exploratory work was carried out that consisted of analyzing from the point of view of demand, where the technical training needs that the market requires were observed; as well as, an analysis from the point of view of the offer, where the development and investment opportunities were observed, in particular of the private offer, to cover the gap of unsatisfied needs of the employers.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Gestión de riesgos empresariales: marco de revisión ISO 31000
    (Grupo Editorial Espacios GEES 2021 C.A., 2017) Lizarzaburu, Edmundo R.; Barriga Ampuero, Gabriela; Noriega, Luis; Lopez, Luciano; Mejía, Patricia Y.
    This research paper seeks to highlight the importance of risk management in organizations and how these should incorporate a risk management guide, following the guidelines of the ISO 31000 Guide, in order to define concepts Important such as risk culture, risk-appetite and risk-management indicators, which will enable them to better manage their organizations.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Visión empresarial como nuevo aporte a la teoría beckeriana del crimen en el Perú
    (Policía Nacional de Colombia, 2019-01-01) Lizarzaburu Bolaños, Edmundo Raúl; Burneo, Kurt; Florez Alata, Hugo Gustavo; Noriega, Luis
    This paper aims to approach crime of economic motivation as a wrong business model. The objective is to consider crime as an activity with the same goals of an enterprise. Therefore, this is a matter of study of business management, too: profit maximization through the cost minimization connected to the completion and maintenance of its operations; competiveness and influence of an appropriate climate for increasing its operations, for producing incomes illegally and having crime as collateral. The methodology conducted a historical review based on the Theory of the Rational Crime (Becker, 1968) and other theories that explain the benefits and incentives that make criminal business sustainable. The result underscores the tools introduction of the business administration sciences for understanding the criminal matter of economic motivation.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Factores determinantes de la rentabilidad de las instituciones microfinancieras del Perú
    (Grupo Editorial Espacios GEES 2021 C.A., 2020-07-09) Lizarzaburu Bolaños, Edmundo R.; Gomez, Gerardo; Poma, Heber; Mejía, Patricia
    The objective is determine the factors that influence in the profitability of microfinance institutions in Peru. This study constitutes a first approximation to understand the factors that influence in the profitability of microfinance institutions in Peru. We were used the panel data model. Credit risk, operating efficiency, and market concentration were found to be negatively related to ROA, while capital efficiency was positively related to ROA.